Environment or development? Life-time net CO2 exchange and control of the expression of Crassulacean acid metabolism in Mesembryanthemum crystallinum

Winter, Klaus, and Holtum, Joseph A.M. (2007) Environment or development? Life-time net CO2 exchange and control of the expression of Crassulacean acid metabolism in Mesembryanthemum crystallinum. Plant Physiology, 143 (1). pp. 98-107.

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Abstract

The relative influence of plant age and environmental stress signals in triggering a shift from C3 photosynthesis to Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) in the annual halophytic C3-CAM species Mesembryanthemum crystallinum was explored by continuously monitoring net CO2 exchange of whole shoots from the seedling stage until seed set. Plants exposed to high salinity (400 mᴍ NaCl) in hydroponic culture solution or grown in saline-droughted soil acquired between 11% and 24% of their carbon via net dark CO2 uptake involving CAM. In contrast, plants grown under nonsaline, well-watered conditions were capable of completing their life cycle by operating in the C3 mode without ever exhibiting net CO2 uptake at night. These observations are not consistent with the widely expressed view that the induction of CAM by high salinity in M. crystallinum represents an acceleration of preprogrammed developmental processes. Rather, our study demonstrates that the induction of the CAM pathway for carbon acquisition in M. crystallinum is under environmental control.

Item ID: 2219
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Crassulacean; metabolism
ISSN: 1532-2548
Date Deposited: 28 May 2009 00:53
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0607 Plant Biology > 060705 Plant Physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 35
Downloads: Total: 8
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