Fenofibrate increases high-density lipoprotein and sphingosine 1 phosphate concentrations limiting abdominal aortic aneurysm progression in a mouse model

Krishna, Smriti M., Seto, Sai Wang, Moxon, Joseph V., Rush, Catherine, Walker, Phillip J., Norman, Paul E., and Golledge, Jonathan (2012) Fenofibrate increases high-density lipoprotein and sphingosine 1 phosphate concentrations limiting abdominal aortic aneurysm progression in a mouse model. American Journal of Pathology, 181 (2). pp. 706-718.

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Abstract

There are currently no acceptable treatments to limit progression of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Increased serum concentrations of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) are associated with reduced risk of developing an AAA. The present study aimed to assess the effects of fenofibrate on aortic dilatation in a mouse model of AAA. Male low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (Ldlr−/−) mice were maintained on a high-fat diet for 3 weeks followed by 6 weeks of oral administration of vehicle or fenofibrate. From 14 to 18 weeks of age, all mice were infused with angiotensin II (AngII). At 18 weeks of age, blood and aortas were collected for assessment of serum lipoproteins, aortic pathology, aortic Akt1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activities, immune cell infiltration, eNOS and inducible NOS (iNOS) expression, sphingosine 1 phosphate (S1P) receptor status, and apoptosis. Mice receiving fenofibrate had reduced suprarenal aortic diameter, reduced aortic arch Sudan IV staining, higher serum HDL levels, increased serum S1P concentrations, and increased aortic Akt1 and eNOS activities compared with control mice. Macrophages, T lymphocytes, and apoptotic cells were less evident and eNOS, iNOS, and S1P receptors 1 and 3 were up-regulated in aortas from mice receiving fenofibrate. The present findings suggest that fenofibrate antagonizes AngII-induced AAA and atherosclerosis by up-regulating serum HDL and S1P levels, with associated activation of NO-producing enzymes and reduction of aortic inflammation.

Item ID: 21945
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1525-2191
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2012 06:35
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 2
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