Highlighting the History of French Radio Astronomy. 4. Early Solar Research at the École Normale Supérieure, Marcoussis and Nancay

Orchiston, Wayne, Steinberg, Jean-Louis, Kundu, Mukul, Arsac, Jacques, Blum, Emile-Jacques, and Boischot, Andre (2009) Highlighting the History of French Radio Astronomy. 4. Early Solar Research at the École Normale Supérieure, Marcoussis and Nancay. Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 12 (3). pp. 175-188.

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Abstract

The first tentative steps in solar radio astronomy took place during the 1940s and early 1950s as physicists and engineers in a number of countries used recycled World War II equipment to investigate the flux levels and polarisation of solar bursts and emission from the quiet Sun, and sought to understand the connection between this emission and optical features in the solar photosphere and chromosphere. There was also an abiding interest in the terrestrial effects of this solar radio emission. Among these solar pioneers were French radio astronomers from the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. In this paper we review the early solar observations made by them from Paris, Marcoussis and Nançay prior to the construction of a number of innovative multi-element solar interferometers at the Nançay field station in the mid-1950s.

Item ID: 21079
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: French radio astronomy; solar radio emission; Ecole Normale Superieure; Marcoussis; Nancay; J.-F. Denisse; J.-L Steinberg; solar eclipse observations; Arsac Interferometer
ISSN: 1440-2807
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2012 05:59
FoR Codes: 02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020199 Astronomical and Space Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
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