Adapting tropical Pacific fisheries and aquaculture to climate change: management measures, policies and investments

Bell, Johann D., Andrew, Neil L., Batty, Michael J., Chapman, Lindsay B., Dambacher, Jeffrey M., Dawson, Brian, Ganachaud, Alexandre S., Gehrke, Peter C., Hampton, John, Hobday, Alistair J., Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove, Johnson, Johanna E., Kinch, Jeff P., Le Borgne, Robert, Lehodey, Patrick, Lough, Janice M., Pickering, Timothy D., Pratchett, Morgan S., Vunisea, Aliti, and Waycott, Michelle (2011) Adapting tropical Pacific fisheries and aquaculture to climate change: management measures, policies and investments. In: Bell, Johann D., Johnson, Johanna E., and Hobday, Alistair J., (eds.) Vulnerability of Tropical Pacific Fisheries and Aquaculture to Climate Change. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Noumea, New Caledonia, pp. 803-876.

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Abstract

This chapter sets out the information needed by stakeholders in the fisheries and aquaculture sector at all levels to reduce the threats and capitalise on the opportunities created by climate change. In particular, we:

outline the existing management regimes and initiatives for industrial and smallscale fisheries and aquaculture in the region to secure desired human development outcomes and maintain healthy fish stocks;

identify an appropriate framework for selecting practical adaptations to address the key near-term drivers for fisheries and aquaculture, and the future effects of climate change; recommend adaptations, and suggest policy approaches, to maximise the contributions of fisheries and aquaculture to economic development, government revenue, food security and livelihoods as the climate changes; outline the value of modelling to examine interactions among adaptation options;

explain the need to monitor the projected effects of climate change on the sector; summarise the gaps in knowledge to be filled to improve understanding of the vulnerability of fisheries and aquaculture in the tropical Pacific to climate change, and to fine-tune key adaptations;

identify priority investments needed to apply the main adaptations, fill gaps in knowledge, strengthen partnerships, monitor the projected effects of climate change and measure the success of adaptations;

and consider sources of funding to make the necessary investments.

We emphasise that adaptations and policies to build the resilience of the Pacific communities to climate change should not be viewed just from a scientific or technical perspective – the needs and aspirations of people must also be integrated. Understanding how people are affected, and how their traditional knowledge, capacities and perspectives can help develop and implement adaptations is a vital part of the process. Communityii consultation and participation are essential to ensure that adaptations incorporate a human rights and human development approach to achieve gender equality, maintain relevant traditional customs and culture, and empower young people.

Item ID: 20982
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-982-00-0471-9
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2012 23:31
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960309 Effects of Climate Change and Variability on the South Pacific (excl. Australia and New Zealand) (excl. Social Impacts) @ 100%
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