Validation and optimization of an equilibrium model of a hot-lime-softening treatment system
Sheehan, M.E., and Donaldson, M. (2011) Validation and optimization of an equilibrium model of a hot-lime-softening treatment system. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 137 (3). pp. 205-212.
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This paper describes the development and validation of an equilibrium model of an industrial hot-lime-softening boiler-water-treatment unit for a large-scale nickel processing facility in which approximately 6.6 ML per hour of water is processed. In the industrial process, multiple water sources of varying quality are combined before the softening treatment, which makes control and optimization of the softening unit complicated and has brought about the necessity of a robust numerical model of water treatment. In this paper, the numerical thermodynamic and adsorption relations describing the softening treatment process are presented. Lime, magnesia, and soda ash additions are modeled. Emphasis has been placed on calcium, magnesium, and silica treatments as these are of most relevance to the industry. Jar tests described in this paper are used to determine adsorption relations, estimate statistical uncertainties, validate the model performance, and optimize the model parameters. Parameter estimations for equilibrium constants are undertaken and provide insights into the range of model validity and interactions between additions and softened water quality. Further jar testing is utilized to evaluate the effectiveness of using the model to numerically derive optimal chemical additions.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||hot lime softening; modeling; optimization; control; parameter estimation; industry|
|Date Deposited:||13 Mar 2012 05:28|
|FoR Codes:||09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090702 Environmental Engineering Modelling @ 34%
09 ENGINEERING > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091503 Engineering Practice @ 33%
09 ENGINEERING > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091599 Interdisciplinary Engineering not elsewhere classified @ 33%
|SEO Codes:||90 COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM > 9004 Water and Waste Services > 900401 Waste Management Services @ 100%|
|Citation Count from Web of Science||