Nematode and ciliate nasal infection in captive Archey's frogs (Leiopelma archeyi).

Shaw, Stephanie, Speare, Richard, Lynn, Denis H, Yeates, Gregor, Zhao, Zeng, Berger, Lee, and Jakob-Hoff, Richard (2011) Nematode and ciliate nasal infection in captive Archey's frogs (Leiopelma archeyi). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine , 42 (3). pp. 473-479.

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Abstract

Archey's frogs (Leiopelma archeyi) are first on the list of evolutionarily distinct and globally endangered (EDGE) amphibians. Captive breeding is an important strategy for protection of the species, but programs are hampered by a lack of information on diseases present in wild and captive populations. Two novel nematodes (Koerneria sp. and Rhabditis sp.) were found separately in four captive Archey's frogs showing clinical signs of hemorrhagic purulent nasal discharge and weight loss. One of these frogs also had a novel protozoal infection (Tetrahymena) in the nasal cavity. Koerneria, Rhabditis, and Tetrahymena have not previously been reported in amphibians in New Zealand. One frog was treated successfully with oral moxidectin at 0.4 mg/kg for the nematode infection and topical metronidazole at 10 mg/kg for the protozoal infection. The clinical signs abated only after both infections were cleared. The second frog died before treatment could be established. The third and fourth frogs were found dead.

Item ID: 20247
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1937-2825
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2012 05:31
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 2
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