An approach to therapeutic agents through selective targeting of destabilised nucleic acid duplex sequences

Li, Fangfei, Weber, Daniel K., Morgan, Joy L., Collins, J. Grant, and Keene, F. Richard (2012) An approach to therapeutic agents through selective targeting of destabilised nucleic acid duplex sequences. Dalton Transactions, 41 (21). pp. 6528-6535.

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Abstract

The binding of ΔΔ/ΛΛ-[{Ru(phen)₂}₂(μ-bbn)]⁴⁺ {where phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, bbn = 1,n-bis[4(4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridyl)]-alkane (ΔΔ/ΛΛ-Rubb(subscript n)} to the non-self complementary oligonucleotide 5′-d(CGCGATAAGCCGC·5'-GCGGCATTACGCG) (3-DB) has been examined using a 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride (DAPI) displacement assay. The 3-DB oligonucleotide contains two single adenine bulge nucleotides that are separated by three base pairs. ¹H NMR spectroscopy data demonstrated that the adenine bases are intra-helical and that the segment containing the two bulge nucleotides and the three A·T base pairs between the bulges forms a destabilised segment within the stable duplex oligonucleotide. The DAPI displacement assay demonstrated that ΔΔ-Rubb₇-bound 3-DB with higher affinity than the other members of the ΔΔ/ΛΛ-Rubb(subscript n) series. Molecular models suggested that the seven-carbon chain length in ΔΔ-Rubb₇ was ideal to span the distance between the two bulge sites. The binding of ΔΔ-Rubb₇ to 3-DB was also studied by ¹H NMR spectroscopy and molecular modelling. The selective changes in chemical shifts for the resonances from 3-DB upon addition of ΔΔ-Rubb₇ suggested that the metal complex specifically bound at the destabilised segment between A₅ and A₁₉. Observation in NOESY spectra of NOE cross peaks between 3-DB and ΔΔ-Rubb₇ confirmed that one of the ruthenium centres bound at the A₅ bulge site, with the other metal centre positioned at the A19 bulge. In addition, ΔΔ-Rubb7 was found to bind chromosomal DNA extracted from a suspension of Staphylococcus aureus that had been incubated with the ruthenium(II) complex. As inert dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes are capable of being transported into a bacterial cell and bind chromosomal DNA, it is possible that they could be developed into anti-microbial agents that specifically target destabilised segments of DNA that are recognised by essential DNA-binding proteins.

Item ID: 20053
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1477-9234
Funders: ARC
Date Deposited: 22 May 2012 02:11
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030201 Bioinorganic Chemistry @ 80%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030207 Transition Metal Chemistry @ 20%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 70%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 30%
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