Primary forests are irreplaceable for sustaining tropical biodiversity

Gibson, Luke, Lee, Tien Ming, Koh, Lian Pin, Brook, Barry W., Gardiner, Toby A., Barlow, Jos, Peres, Carlos A., Bradshaw, Corey J.A., Laurance, William F., Lovejoy, Thomas E., and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011) Primary forests are irreplaceable for sustaining tropical biodiversity. Nature, 478 (7369). pp. 378-381.

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Abstract

Human-driven land-use changes increasingly threaten biodiversity, particularly in tropical forests where both species diversity and human pressures on natural environments are high 1. The rapid conversion of tropical forests for agriculture, timber production and other uses has generated vast, human-dominated landscapes with potentially dire consequences for tropical biodiversity 2, 3, 4, 5. Today, few truly undisturbed tropical forests exist, whereas those degraded by repeated logging and fires, as well as secondary and plantation forests, are rapidly expanding 6, 7. Here we provide a global assessment of the impact of disturbance and land conversion on biodiversity in tropical forests using a meta-analysis of 138 studies. We analysed 2,220 pairwise comparisons of biodiversity values in primary forests (with little or no human disturbance) and disturbed forests. We found that biodiversity values were substantially lower in degraded forests, but that this varied considerably by geographic region, taxonomic group, ecological metric and disturbance type. Even after partly accounting for confounding colonization and succession effects due to the composition of surrounding habitats, isolation and time since disturbance, we find that most forms of forest degradation have an overwhelmingly detrimental effect on tropical biodiversity. Our results clearly indicate that when it comes to maintaining tropical biodiversity, there is no substitute for primary forests.

Item ID: 19639
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1476-4687
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2012 04:38
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960899 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 2
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