Predictors of emotional state in hospitalized middle-aged and older adults: the role of coping styles

Helmes, Edward, and Zachariades, Fontini K.M. (2011) Predictors of emotional state in hospitalized middle-aged and older adults: the role of coping styles. European Journal of Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry, 6 (1). pp. 1-18.

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Abstract

Increasing age may lead to the onset of illness, posing one form of psychological stress that may elicit a variety of coping reactions. Our objective is to explore the relationship between different aspects of coping to emotional distress in middle-aged and older adult patients without cognitive impairment from two Western Australia hospitals. Coping was assessed with the Coping with Health Injuries and Problems Scale (CHIP) 1, 2 while emotional state was assessed with three scales from the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI),3 namely anxiety, depression, and somatization. We predicted stronger associations of emotion-focused coping with all three measures of emotional distress. Hierarchical regression analysis using the PAI subscales as criteria indicated Emotional Preoccupation Coping as being consistently associated with the domains of emotional state. The Coping scales consistently showed more predictive utility than demographic and health status measures. Other results are discussed in terms of the relationships between physical and mental health status in the process of adjusting to illness or injury.

Item ID: 19581
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: coping; personality; depression; anxiety; older adults
ISSN: 2035-2050
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2012 02:18
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment @ 50%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health @ 100%
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