Genetic differentiation in endangered Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino based on ISSR polymorphism and its implications for conservation

Wang, Chong, Zhang, Hao, Qian, Zeng-Qiang, and Zhao, Gui-Fang (2008) Genetic differentiation in endangered Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino based on ISSR polymorphism and its implications for conservation. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 36 (9). pp. 699-705.

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Abstract

Studies were performed to investigate the genetic variation of 14 natural populations of Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino, an outcrossing clonal plant species in China, using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Fourteen selected primers were used to amplify DNA samples from 140 individuals, and totally 194 loci were detected. The percentage of polymorphic bands (PPBs) showed that the genetic diversity was pretty high at the species level (PPB=96.39%) but quite low at the population level (PPB=1.03-25.26%). Shannon's information index (I) and Nei's gene diversity (h) displayed a similar trend to PPB. According to the hierarchical analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) and Nei's analysis of gene diversity, the percentages of genetic variation among populations were 88.66 and 88.94%, respectively, indicating a high level of inter-population genetic differentiation. The low levels of genetic diversity within populations and high genetic differentiation among populations were assumed to result from the limited gene flow, the clonal nature and genetic drift. Based on the genetic data, effective conservation strategies were proposed for conserving this traditional Chinese medicinal herb. Concerning the management of G. pentaphyllum, we suggested that in situ conservation be an important and practical measure for maintaining the genetic diversity and that a possibly maximum number of populations be conserved. Populations EMS and HLT, in which particularly low levels of genetic variation were characterized, should be given the priority for ex situ conservation.

Item ID: 19401
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino; genetic diversity; conservation; inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSRs)
ISSN: 1873-2925
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2012 02:31
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060411 Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960899 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 2
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