Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory for modelling community resilience to natural disasters

Boon, Helen J., Cottrell, Alison, King, David, Stevenson, Robert B., and Millar, Joanne (2012) Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory for modelling community resilience to natural disasters. Natural Hazards, 60 (2). pp. 381-408.

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Abstract

This paper advocates the use of Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory as a framework to analyse resilience at diverse scales. Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory can be employed to (a) benchmark social resilience, (b) target the priority interventions required and (c) measure progress arising from these interventions to enhance resilience to natural disasters. First, the paper explores resilience to natural disasters in the context of climatic change as building resilience is seen as a way to mitigate impacts of natural disasters. Second, concepts of resilience are systematically examined and documented, outlining resilience as a trait and resilience as a process. Third, issues arising in relation to the measurement of resilience are discussed. Fourth, Bronfenbrenner's bioecological systems theory is described and proffered to model and assess resilience at different scales. Fifth, studies are described which have supported the use of the bioecological systems theory for the study of resilience. Sixth, an example of the use of Bronfenbrenner's theory is offered and the paper concludes with suggestions for future research using Bronfenbrenner's theory.

Item ID: 19331
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: resilience; natural disaster; Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory; community; climate change
ISSN: 1573-0840
Funders: NCCARF
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2012 00:45
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified @ 60%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1604 Human Geography > 160403 Social and Cultural Geography @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9610 Natural Hazards > 961099 Natural Hazards not elsewhere classified @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960311 Social Impacts of Climate Change and Variability @ 60%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 2
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