Shingle ridges

Nott, Jonathan (2011) Shingle ridges. In: Hopley, David, (ed.) Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: structure, form and process. Encyclopedia of Earth Science . Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 1016-1019.

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Abstract

Coral shingle ridges often occur in locations where coral reefs occur close to shore. They are deposits of coral fragments forming a ridge that lies parallel or sub-parallel to the coast. These ridges can be up to 6 m high above the mean sea level, several tens of meters wide and can extend along the shore for hundreds of meters. Eye witness reports of their emplacement reveal that they are deposited during intense storms (often tropical cyclones) when coral fragments are eroded from near-shore reefs by wave action (Hughes, 1999; Davies, 1983; Baines et al., 1974; Rasser and Riegl, 2002; Nott, 2003). These ridges form a record of past tropical cyclones and/or intense storms and can be used to determine the frequency and magnitude of these events of many millennia. As such they can provide a valuable insight into the long-term behavior of storms over a region and help to elucidate the natural variability of the events from anthropogenic influences.

Item ID: 19091
Item Type: Book Chapter (Reference)
ISBN: 978-90-481-2639-2
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2012 02:27
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040601 Geomorphology and Regolith and Landscape Evolution @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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