Barbados

Hopley, David, and Macintyre, Ian G. (2011) Barbados. In: Hopley, David, (ed.) Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: structure, form and process. Encyclopedia of Earth Science . Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 97-102.

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Abstract

Barbados is situated at 13° 10' north, about 150 km east of the Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles. The island is 32 km long, 23 km broad at its widest dimension, and towards the central interior attains a maximum elevation of 340 m. Lying just east of the Lesser Antillean volcanic forearc, Barbados is a pinnacle on the broad accretionary prism caused by east-west convergence between the North American and Caribbean plates (Speed and Larue, 1982). The island is composed of a core of deformed Eocene to Neogene marine sediments, exposed in the north-east as the Scotland District, capped by a series of gently buckled reef terraces that record its rapid and differential uplift during the Pleistocene (Taylor and Mann, 1991).

Item ID: 19072
Item Type: Book Chapter (Reference)
ISBN: 978-90-481-2639-2
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2012 02:05
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040601 Geomorphology and Regolith and Landscape Evolution @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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