Conservation and development: the influence of accessibility, participatory management and immigration around the Bénoué

Endamana, Dominique, Sayer, Jeffrey, Etoga, Gilles, and Bene Bene, Lambert (2007) Conservation and development: the influence of accessibility, participatory management and immigration around the Bénoué. Nature and Faune, 22 (1). pp. 10-20.

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Abstract

This article evaluates the state of conservation and development of the landscape of Bénoué National Park and its surroundings in Northern Cameroon. Thirty indicators classified into five "capital asset" groups were the object of a participatory judgment between 2nd and 13th May 2006, by 13 local communities living in the hunting areas around the park. The mode of evaluation based on the scales of value going from 1 (worst situation) to 5 (optimal situation) was used. The data collected were presented in a spider web diagram to show the weak and strong points of each category of asset: natural, social, human, physical and financial, on the assumption that the different categories of assets are exchangeable. The overall results of the landscape show that local stakeholders perceive the natural asset as being weaker compared to other categories of assets. The national road that passes through the network of protected area and links the two big towns of Garoua and Ngaoundere, the immigration, the mode of involvement of the population in the management of natural resources are the main factors which affect the landscape. It is necessary to think of the best way to reconcile the conservation interests with those of development through the development of scenarios to stimulate communication between stakeholders in the landscape and national and international decision makers. The internalization of the conservation of biodiversity within communities and decentralized municipalities benefiting partly from land lease taxes is yet to be promoted. It is the same for the development of synergies between the ministry responsible for wildlife and protected areas and other departments that influence the management of natural resources.

Item ID: 18807
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: biodiversity, conservation, development, landscape, capital assets, Bénoué National Park
ISSN: 2026-5611
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2011 05:48
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960609 Sustainability Indicators @ 100%
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