Azotemia

Cannon, Martha, and Squires, Richard (2008) Azotemia. In: UNSPECIFIED, (ed.) Vetstream CANIS. Vetstream, UK, pp. 1-3.

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Abstract

• Azotemia is an increased concentration of nonprotein nitrogenous compounds (eg urea and creatinine) in the blood. "Uremia" is the clinical syndrome that occurs as a result of severe azotemia due to abnormal renal function.

• Causes:

◦ Reduced glomerular filtration rate:

- Reduced renal perfusion (pre-renal azotemia Pre-renal azotemia).

- Intrinsic renal disease (renal azotemia Uremia).

- Obstruction to urinary outflow (post-renal azotemia).

◦ Uroabdomen leading to reabsorption of urinary nitrogenous compounds (post-renal azotemia).

◦ Increased absorption of nonprotein nitrogenous compounds from the gastro-intestinal tract, eg GI bleeding, high protein meal.

◦ Increased protein catabolism, eg fever, trauma, burns, hyperthyroidism.

• A degree of pre-renal azotemia may be super-imposed on pre-existing renal or post-renal azotemia.

Item ID: 18751
Item Type: Book Chapter (Reference)
Additional Information:

This is a Vetstream CANIS peer reviewed journal article that was first published online in November 2008. It is updated quarterly.

ISSN: 1757-8256
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2011 23:51
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070706 Veterinary Medicine @ 100%
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