Cannon, Martha, and Squires, Richard (2008) Azotemia. In: UNSPECIFIED, (ed.) Vetstream CANIS. Vetstream, UK, pp. 1-3.
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• Azotemia is an increased concentration of nonprotein nitrogenous compounds (eg urea and creatinine) in the blood. "Uremia" is the clinical syndrome that occurs as a result of severe azotemia due to abnormal renal function.
◦ Reduced glomerular filtration rate:
- Reduced renal perfusion (pre-renal azotemia Pre-renal azotemia).
- Intrinsic renal disease (renal azotemia Uremia).
- Obstruction to urinary outflow (post-renal azotemia).
◦ Uroabdomen leading to reabsorption of urinary nitrogenous compounds (post-renal azotemia).
◦ Increased absorption of nonprotein nitrogenous compounds from the gastro-intestinal tract, eg GI bleeding, high protein meal.
◦ Increased protein catabolism, eg fever, trauma, burns, hyperthyroidism.
• A degree of pre-renal azotemia may be super-imposed on pre-existing renal or post-renal azotemia.
|Item Type:||Book Chapter (Reference)|
This is a Vetstream CANIS peer reviewed journal article that was first published online in November 2008. It is updated quarterly.
|Date Deposited:||26 Sep 2011 23:51|
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