Heritability of mortality in response to a natural pancreas disease (SPDV) challenge in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., post-smolts on a West of Ireland sea site

Norris, A., Foyle, L., and Ratcliff, J. (2008) Heritability of mortality in response to a natural pancreas disease (SPDV) challenge in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., post-smolts on a West of Ireland sea site. Journal of Fish Diseases, 31 (12). pp. 913-920.

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Abstract

Pancreas disease (PD) is an economically important disease of European farmed Atlantic salmon. It can cause significant losses because of morbidity, mortality and reduced production. The disease is caused by an alphavirus, known as salmon PD virus (SPDV) or salmonid alphavirus subtype 1 in Ireland. To examine whether it is possible to improve the natural resistance of Atlantic salmon to SPDV by selective breeding, 6000 genotyped, tagged, pedigreed fish from 150 full-sib families were exposed to a natural challenge during 2005 in a sea cage on a commercial salmon farm in the West of Ireland. Histopathological and serological examination was performed weekly on a proportion of all moribund fish to determine the onset of the infection and the likely cause of death. Heritabilities and genetic correlations are presented for resistance to a natural PD challenge and smolt input weight. The results indicate that the susceptibility of salmon to SPDV could be reduced by selective breeding based on the survival in a natural challenge to the virus.

Item ID: 18566
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Atlantic salmon, genetic selection, heritability, pancreas disease, SPDV
ISSN: 1365-2761
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2011 05:18
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830102 Aquaculture Fin Fish (excl. Tuna) @ 100%
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