Removal processes for arsenic in constructed wetlands
Lizama A., Katherine, Fletcher, Tim D., and Sun, Guangzhi (2011) Removal processes for arsenic in constructed wetlands. Chemosphere, 84 (8). pp. 1032-1043.
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Arsenic pollution in aquatic environments is a worldwide concern due to its toxicity and chronic effects on human health. This concern has generated increasing interest in the use of different treatment technologies to remove arsenic from contaminated water. Constructed wetlands are a cost-effective natural system successfully used for removing various pollutants, and they have shown capability for removing arsenic. This paper reviews current understanding of the removal processes for arsenic, discusses implications for treatment wetlands, and identifies critical knowledge gaps and areas worthy of future research. The reactivity of arsenic means that different arsenic species may be found in wetlands, influenced by vegetation, supporting medium and microorganisms. Despite the fact that sorption, precipitation and coprecipitation are the principal processes responsible for the removal of arsenic, bacteria can mediate these processes and can play a significant role under favourable environmental conditions. The most important factors affecting the speciation of arsenic are pH, alkalinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen, the presence of other chemical species – iron, sulphur, phosphate –, a source of carbon, and the wetland substrate. Studies of the microbial communities and the speciation of arsenic in the solid phase using advanced techniques could provide further insights on the removal of arsenic. Limited data and understanding of the interaction of the different processes involved in the removal of arsenic explain the rudimentary guidelines available for the design of wetlands systems.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||arsenic; arsenic removal mechanisms; constructed wetlands; microbial processes; subsurface flow; wastewater treatment|
|Date Deposited:||30 Aug 2011 05:03|
|FoR Codes:||09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090508 Water Quality Engineering @ 50%
|SEO Codes:||97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering @ 100%|