Trends of selected cattle diseases in eastern Zambia between 1988 and 2008
Mubamba, Chrisborn, Sitali, Joseph, and Gummow, Bruce (2011) Trends of selected cattle diseases in eastern Zambia between 1988 and 2008. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 101 (3-4). pp. 163-172.
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Livestock diseases have long been a challenge to livestock production and public health in sub-Saharan Africa and Zambia in particular. The Eastern Province of Zambia is one area in Zambia that is not spared by this challenge. Among various livestock diseases affecting cattle in this region, the most prominent are East Coast Fever (ECF) and African Animal Trypanasomiasis (AAT). Since little has been published on the epidemiological trends of these diseases in eastern Zambia, a retrospective epidemiological study was carried out using reports that were submitted to the provincial veterinary office over the past 20 years. This paper assists in evaluating the impact of some of these aid programmes. Data was analysed using Excel©, SPSS®, Epi Info©, and Epi Map© software. Apparent prevalence of AAT in cattle had decreased in the study period from estimates as high as 50% in Katete and Petauke district in 1990 and 1992 respectively to just below 3% (Petauke and Katete) in 2008, thereby, reducing the provincial apparent prevalence from 20% in 1992 to just below 3% in 2008. AAT apparent prevalence dropped from estimates as high as 17% in Chadiza district and 6% in Chipata district in 1990 to just below 1% in 2008 thereby reducing the provincial mean prevalence of East Coast Fever from 6% (1990) to 1% (2008). The inclusion of donor assistance in disease control programmes for both AAT and ECF appeared to have a significant impact on the prevalence of both diseases.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||African cattle diseases, Eastern Zambia, Trends, African Animal Trypanasomiasis, East Coast Fever, Aid programmes|
|Date Deposited:||22 Aug 2011 06:45|
|FoR Codes:||07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070704 Veterinary Epidemiology @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences @ 100%|
|Citation Count from Web of Science||