Evaluation of fouling in a pilot scale membrane bioreactor

Tiranuntakul, Maneerat (2011) Evaluation of fouling in a pilot scale membrane bioreactor. PhD thesis, James Cook University.

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Abstract

A 2.4-m³ pilot plant MBR for wastewater treatment was designed and constructed for membrane biofouling studies. Three categories of membrane fouling study were carried out with this MBR pilot plant in order to obtain a better understanding of MBR performance and fouling. Firstly, critical flux assessment based on various defining concepts and influencing parameters was examined. The results showed small variations of critical flux values obtained from different defining concepts. Decline of critical flux as the step change of fouling air flow rate increased was observed, while step length had no obvious effects on the critical flux. A positive relationship between aeration rate and critical flux is observed, while higher sludge concentration caused lower critical flux. Secondly, fouling mechanisms under different sludge composition and different flux regimes were tested. Under supra-critical flux operation, cake resistance accounted for the main fouling contribution, while pore fouling was marginal in both supra-critical flux and sub-critical flux regimes. EPS carbohydrate in soluble and bound forms has greater impact on both pore fouling and cake fouling than protein. Finally, optimization of the MBR pilot plant was carried out. Based on equivalent permeate yield and equivalent energy consumption for each experimental run, three operational variables showed significant influence in membrane fouling rate increase. They were, in the order of importance, filtration mode > scouring frequency > regular aeration intensity. The optimum operating conditions determined by the proposed methodology were 11 L/m².min air intensity with continuous filtration and scouring 24 times per day for the pilot plant MBR.

Item ID: 17411
Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: bioreactors, membrane biofouling, membrane filtration, wastewater treatment
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2011 04:05
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090409 Wastewater Treatment Processes @ 34%
09 ENGINEERING > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090404 Membrane and Separation Technologies @ 33%
09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090701 Environmental Engineering Design @ 33%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960912 Urban and Industrial Water Management @ 33%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering @ 33%
90 COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM > 9004 Water and Waste Services > 900403 Water Recycling Services (incl. Sewage and Greywater) @ 34%
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