Effects of water flow rate on growth rate, mortality and biomass return of abalone in slab tanks

Wassnig, Matthew, Roberts, Rodney D., Krsinich, Anton, and Way, Robert W. (2010) Effects of water flow rate on growth rate, mortality and biomass return of abalone in slab tanks. Aquaculture Research, 41 (6). pp. 839-846.

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Abstract

The capital-intensive nature of land-based abalone farming demands that infrastructure be fully utilized. This study investigated whether the negative impact of high stocking density in shallow raceway tanks could be ameliorated by optimizing water flow. We quantified the effect of flow rate (87–246 L min−1) on the performance of 2-year-old hybrid abalone (Haliotis laevigata and Haliotis rubra) held at two stocking densities (11400 and 7600 tank−1). A 50% higher density yielded a 27% increase in biomass gain, despite a 10% growth reduction and 3% higher mortality. At the lower density, there was an optimal flow rate of approximately 200 L−1, at which biomass gain was 474 kg and the feed conversion ratio (FCR) was 1.31. At the higher density, biomass gain (max = 658 kg) and FCR (min = 1.41) improved linearly with increasing flow, suggesting that an optimal flow rate exists at 246 L−1 or beyond those tested. Increased oxygen availability with increasing flow is thought to have enhanced abalone performance, although flows greater than 200 L min−1 may have reduced performance at low density due to feed washout and nutrient leaching. Overall, greater financial return per tank was favoured by the combination of high stocking density and high water flow.

Item ID: 17330
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: abalone; water flow; density; slab tank; growth; biomass return
ISSN: 1365-2109
Date Deposited: 30 May 2011 07:01
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830103 Aquaculture Molluscs (excl. Oysters) @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 2
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