Reliability of the integrated radiograph-photograph method to obtain natural head position in cephalometric diagnosis
Dvortsin, Dima P., Ye, Qingsong, Pruim, Gerard J., Dijkstra, Pieter U., and Ren, Yijin (2011) Reliability of the integrated radiograph-photograph method to obtain natural head position in cephalometric diagnosis. Angle Orthodontist, 81 (5). pp. 889-894.
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Objective: To introduce a simple and reliable method to reorient lateral radiographs to the natural head position (NHP) according to standardized photographs made at NHP.
Material and Methods: The study has two parts. In the first part, 45 patients were randomly selected from a patient cohort. Photographs (at NHP) and cephalograms from each patient were taken and assessed in two sessions by two observers. The time between the first and the second session was 5 weeks. The repeatability of profile measurements on cephalograms compared with standardized photographs of the same patient was determined; in the second part, the repeatability of three superimposing protocols (ie, the soft tissue N/subnasale line [V-line], the esthetic line [E-line], and a proposed nose best fit line [N-line]) was compared for the reorientation of the cephalogram according to the photographs made at the NHP.
Results: Our results showed that the integration of radiographs and photographs is an objective and reliable method to obtain NHP in lateral cephalograms. The N-line is a reproducible and stable reference line for the reorientation of radiographs to obtain NHP.
Conclusion: Reorientation of radiographs according to standardized photographs made at the NHP is a reliable and objective method to standardize the radiographs at the NHP for cephalometric analysis. The N-line is a reproducible and stable reference line for the reorientation. It is preferred over the V-line or even E-line, especially when the radiographs and photographs are taken at different sessions or at different treatment stages.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||orthodontics, natural head position, cephalometrics, true vertical line, superimposition|
|Date Deposited:||23 Jun 2011 07:22|
|FoR Codes:||11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1105 Dentistry > 110506 Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920113 Oro-Dental Disorders @ 100%|