Asia Pacific labour in the era of globalisation: an overview
Leggett, Chris (2000) Asia Pacific labour in the era of globalisation: an overview. In: Conference Presenters and Abstracts: Social Transformation in the Asia Pacific Region Conference, p. 21. From: Social Transformation in the Asia Pacific Region Conference, 4-6 December 2000, Wollongong, New South Wales.
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This paper overviews labour in Japan; Singapore the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) and its Special Administrative Zone of Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan (Republic of China, ROC), Malaysia and Indonesia in the context of globalisation and especially following the 1997 economic crisis. The inclusion of the earlier industrialised Japan with the industrialising and newly industrialised countries of Asia enables comparisons of labour market restructuring for increased flexibility, a process undertaken by Singapore more than two decades ago. In South Korea democratisation has included a reduction in state regulation of trade unions, while in Taiwan the same process has led government to widen the scope of its activities in labour affairs. The PRC's transition from a highly regulated to a 'socialist market' economy has had a substantial effect on labour, both on and within the mainland provinces and cities. Hong Kong, which retains the labour institutions of the colonial era, has felt the loss of manufacturing employment to the PRC. Malaysia represents the second generation of 'tiger' economies with its labour movement in transition from plantation to assembly line. In Indonesia, the end of the Soharto regime might have offered opportunities for greater recognition of workers' interests, but political instability and the effect of the 1997 Asian economic crisis seem to have slowed this development. In attempting to map the characteristics of labour in the Asia Pacific region as it is affected by globalisation, this paper also makes special reference to the conditions of categories of workers such as women in the Export Processing Zones (EPZs) and migrant workers moving from the less affluent communities in the Asia Pacific region to the more affluent.
|Item Type:||Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)|
|Keywords:||industrial relations, Asia Pacific, globalisation|
|Date Deposited:||03 Apr 2012 06:19|
|FoR Codes:||15 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 1503 Business and Management > 150306 Industrial Relations @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9104 Management and Productivity > 910401 Industrial Relations @ 100%|