Australia: from collegiality to corporatism
Kelso, Robert, and Leggett, Christopher (1999) Australia: from collegiality to corporatism. In: Farnham, David, (ed.) Managing Academic Staff in Changing University Systems: international trends and comparisons. Open University Press, Buckingham, UK, pp. 293-310.
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[Extract] With the foundation of the Universities of Sydney in 1851, Melbourne in 1853, Adelaide in 1874 and Tasmania in 1890, Australian higher education preceded the formation of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. Soon afterwards the Universities of Queensland and Western Australia were founded - in 1909 and 1911 respectively. Drawing their faculty from English and Scottish institutions, these so-called 'sandstone universities' (originally a reference to their architecture) dominated the contemporary system but, despite generous government funding, they 'remained small institutions remote from the concerns and interest of the vast majority of the population until well after the Second World War' (Commonwealth of Australia 1993: 1). Technical institutes, schools of mines and teacher training colleges grew up alongside them and had a combined enrolment greater than that of the university sector. In spite of their tendency to emulate English and Scottish institutions, there was scope for the early Australian universities to experiment and innovate. For example, for many years the University of Western Australia did not levy tuition fees and, together with the University of Queensland, was a leader establishing external studies courses appropriate to the needs of a geographically dispersed population. The curricula were largely vocational, a feature of Australian higher education which has remained to this day (Finn 1991; Charmichael 1992; Mayer 1992).
|Item Type:||Book Chapter (Research - B1)|
|Keywords:||higher education, Australia, change|
|Date Deposited:||13 Sep 2011 23:20|
|FoR Codes:||13 EDUCATION > 1301 Education Systems > 130103 Higher Education @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9399 Other Education and Training > 939999 Education and Training not elsewhere classified @ 100%|