Safety legislation, public health policy and drowning prevention

Pearn, John H., Nixon, James W., Franklin, Richard C., and Wallis, Belinda (2008) Safety legislation, public health policy and drowning prevention. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 15 (2). pp. 122-123.

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Abstract

[Extract] Drowning continues to be a major cause of child mortality and morbidity throughout the world, even in colder climates (Sharp & Saunders, 2006). Three decades of vigorous advocacy (Pearn, 1985; Pitt & Balanda, 1998) have reduced the incidence of childhood drowning in high-risk communities, but much remains to be done.

Safety legislation is one of the four stratagems that can be used to prevent drowning. The others include: (a) public education of the risk with increased advocacy for safety (Pearn & Nixon, 1979); (b) improved ergonomic design (e.g. improved physical safety barriers); (c) a combined 'secondary' approach, in which lives are saved in spite of the drowning incident by improved rescue, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and retrieval. Some types of drowning incidents in childhood are amenable only to a limited repertoire of preventative stratagems.

Item ID: 16663
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1745-7319
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2011 06:06
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920409 Injury Control @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 7
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