Vanadium: environmental pollution and health effects

Gummow, Bruce (2011) Vanadium: environmental pollution and health effects. In: Nriagu, Jerome O., (ed.) Encyclopedia of Environmental Health. Elsevier, pp. 628-636.

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Abstract

Vanadium has gone from being a rare and obscure metal to become one of strategic military importance and a pillar of modern technology. As scientific and technological developments expand its horizon, vanadium is clearly poised to have a potentially significant environmental impact within the twenty-first century. This article briefly outlines the history of vanadium, where it is currently found in the world and the environment around us, and its uses in modern society. Information is provided on the clinical signs and other health effects of vanadium poisoning in vertebrate animals, including man, and toxic levels and acceptable dietary levels for some common domestic species and man are discussed. A brief mention of the biochemistry behind the symptoms and possible treatments is also given. Some information is provided on reported baseline levels of vanadium in common tissues and which tissues are best for monitoring vanadium in the environment. This is discussed together with other potential biomarker systems.

Item ID: 16593
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
Keywords: biomarkers; environmental pollution; health effects; presence; review; symptoms; tissue concentrations; toxicity; uses; vanadium
ISBN: 978-0-444-52272-6
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2012 02:48
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0599 Other Environmental Sciences > 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences @ 100%
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