Results of the randomized, placebo-controlled clopidogrel acetylsalicylic acid in bypass surgery for peripheral arterial disease (CASPAR) trial

Belch, Jill J.F., Dormandy, John, Biasi, G.M., Cairols, M., Diehm, C., Eikelboom, B., Golledge, Jonathan, Jawien, A., Lepäntalo, M., Norgren, L., Hiatt, W.R., Becquemin, J.P., Bergqvist, D., Clement, D., Baumgartner, I., Minar, E., Stonebridge, P., Vermassen, F., Matyas, L., and Leizorovicz, A. (2010) Results of the randomized, placebo-controlled clopidogrel acetylsalicylic acid in bypass surgery for peripheral arterial disease (CASPAR) trial. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 52 (4). pp. 825-833.

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Abstract

Objective: Dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel plus acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is superior to ASA alone in patients with acute coronary syndromes and in those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. We sought to determine whether clopidogrel plus ASA conferred benefit on limb outcomes over ASA alone in patients undergoing below-knee bypass grafting.

Methods: Patients undergoing unilateral, below-knee bypass graft for atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) were enrolled 2 to 4 days after surgery and were randomly assigned to clopidogrel 75 mg/day plus ASA 75 to 100 mg/day or placebo plus ASA 75 to 100 mg/day for 6 to 24 months. The primary efficacy endpoint was a composite of index-graft occlusion or revascularization, above-ankle amputation of the affected limb, or death. The primary safety endpoint was severe bleeding (Global Utilization of Streptokinase and Tissue plasminogen activator for Occluded coronary arteries [GUSTO] classification).

Results: In the overall population, the primary endpoint occurred in 149 of 425 patients in the clopidogrel group vs 151 of 426 patients in the placebo (plus ASA) group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.78-1.23). In a prespecified subgroup analysis, the primary endpoint was significantly reduced by clopidogrel in prosthetic graft patients (HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.45-0.95; P = .025) but not in venous graft patients (HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 0.94-1.67, not significant [NS]). A significant statistical interaction between treatment effect and graft type was observed (Pinteraction = .008). Although total bleeds were more frequent with clopidogrel, there was no significant difference between the rates of severe bleeding in the clopidogrel and placebo (plus ASA) groups (2.1% vs 1.2%).

Conclusion: The combination of clopidogrel plus ASA did not improve limb or systemic outcomes in the overall population of PAD patients requiring below-knee bypass grafting. Subgroup analysis suggests that clopidogrel plus ASA confers benefit in patients receiving prosthetic grafts without significantly increasing major bleeding risk.

Item ID: 16524
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1097-6809
Date Deposited: 16 May 2011 00:31
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
Citation Count from Scopus Scopus 52
Downloads: Total: 9
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