Times of plenty, times of less: last-millennium societal disruption in the Pacific Basin
Nunn, Patrick D., Hunter-Anderson, Rosalind, Carson, Mike T., Thomas, Frank, Ulm, Sean, and Rowland, Michael J. (2007) Times of plenty, times of less: last-millennium societal disruption in the Pacific Basin. Human Ecology, 35 (4). pp. 385-401.
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During the last millennium in the Pacific Basin (islands and continental rim) there was a marked contrast between 'times of plenty' and 'times of less' for its human societies. This contrast is attributable to climate and sea-level variations, notably the Medieval Warm Period (a.d. 700–1250) and the Little Ice Age (a.d. 1350–1800) separated by a time of rapid cooling and sea-level fall called the 'a.d. 1300 Event.' Outlines of the times of plenty during the Medieval Warm Period and the times of less during the Little Ice Age are given, supported by a number of examples. These confirm a general picture of societal collapse as a result of the a.d. 1300 Event. Well-dated human responses to the a.d. 1300 Event (establishment of fortified settlements, end of ocean voyaging) allow links to potential nonhuman causes to be strengthened. Although more data referring to both (natural) changes and their human effects are needed, a conclusion involving environmental determinism is inescapable.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||Pacific Basin, climate change, sea-level change, societal collapse, environmental determinism|
|Date Deposited:||14 Jul 2011 04:15|
|FoR Codes:||21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210106 Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl New Zealand) @ 80%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Archaeology @ 20%
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960309 Effects of Climate Change and Variability on the South Pacific (excl. Australia and New Zealand) (excl. Social Impacts) @ 80%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960307 Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Australia (excl. Social Impacts) @ 20%
|Citation Count from Web of Science||