Seasonal variation in stable oxygen and carbon isotope values recovered from modern lacustrine freshwater mollusks: paleoclimatological implications for sub-weekly temperature records

Wurster, Christopher M., and Patterson, William P. (2001) Seasonal variation in stable oxygen and carbon isotope values recovered from modern lacustrine freshwater mollusks: paleoclimatological implications for sub-weekly temperature records. Journal of Paleolimnology, 26 (2). pp. 205-218.

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Abstract

A fingernail clam (Sphaerium simile, Sphaeriidae) from Science Lake, a small watershed located in Allegany State Park, New York, USA and a zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha, Dreissenidae) from Keuka Lake, New York, the third largest Finger Lake of central New York, were selected to evaluate the applicability of using δ18O(CaCO3) and δ13O(CaCO3) values for sub-weekly climate records. Seasonal variation in δ18O(CaCO3) values was compared with predicted equilibrium values to test the hypothesis that lacustrine molluscs produce shell aragonite according to environmental variables. For the purpose of comparison, aragonite temperature-fractionation equations determined by Grossman & Ku (1986) and Patterson et al. (1993) were used. Sphaerium simile appears to produce δ18O(CaCO3) values predicted by Patterson et al. (1993), while Dreissena polymorpha produces δ18O(CaCO3) values in agreement with Grossman & Ku (1986). We attribute the difference to family-specific temperature-fractionation relationships. Because both types of mollusc record climate variables with a high degree of integrity, they should each serve as excellent paleoclimate proxies.

The fingernail clam collected from a small watershed exhibits higher variation about the seasonal pattern than did the zebra mussel collected from a large watershed. This is attributed to the increased sensitivity of the small watershed to storm perturbation. Analysis of fossil molluscs from such watersheds might be useful in discerning paleo-storminess.

Item ID: 15664
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: aragonite; fingernail clams; high-resolution; oxygen isotope; zebra mussels
ISSN: 1573-0417
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2011 06:16
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0402 Geochemistry > 040203 Isotope Geochemistry @ 50%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040605 Palaeoclimatology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960304 Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts) @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 24
Downloads: Total: 2
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