New directions for considering tourists’ attitudes towards others
Pearce, Philip (2010) New directions for considering tourists’ attitudes towards others. Tourism Recreation Research, 35 (3). pp. 251-258.
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The study of tourists' reactions towards those with whom they interact on holiday is a niche area of tourism study with its own short history. Attitudes are a widely used construct in this kind of tourism research. This paper examines closely the way tourism researchers have viewed attitudes. In particular, it is argued that by often reducing attitudes to a set of responses to Likert scales, 'tourism researchers have lost the dynamic, performative and communicative character of attitudes. The paper provides a context for this re-appraisal of attitudes by noting the major schemes used to understand tourists' views of others. The contact hypothesis, expectation models of tourists' attitudes and consumer involvement theory are considered. Recent story-telling approaches to understanding tourists' accounts of their experience are then highlighted. The identification and crystallization of individual, authentically valued incidents can be seen as pivotal in providing the content of stories and then the protection and preservation of attitudes. Attitudes can also usefully be seen as embedded in social representations and this construct further develops ways researchers can address studies of the outcomes of contact. Based on these appraisals, researchers may be able to reformulate their approach to attitudes in future studies and in so doing renovate the conceptual schemes which have driven previous work.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||attitude methods, positivism, contact hypothesis, consumer involvement, story-telling, authenticity|
|Date Deposited:||16 May 2011 00:16|
|FoR Codes:||15 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 1506 Tourism > 150606 Tourist Behaviour and Visitor Experience @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||90 COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM > 9003 Tourism > 900302 Socio-Cultural Issues in Tourism @ 100%|