The effect of different types of music on mood and verbal performance

Au, A., and Miller, S. (2010) The effect of different types of music on mood and verbal performance. In: Abstracts of the 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology, p. 950. From: 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology, 11-16 July 2010, Melbourne Convention & Exhibition Centre, Australia.

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the arousal and mood effect of different types of music in verbal performance, on the basis that: 1) there are shared neural substrates between language and music such that the brain processes language like music in terms of its auditory properties like tone and pitch; and 2) music training can improve children’s reading ability.

Seventy-eight English-speaking undergraduates were selected based on their neither-type preference in the Composite Scale of Morningness to control for chronotype. They were allocated randomly to 3 different music conditions in order to induce a corresponding emotion: happy, sad and neutral (control) conditions. The different music types controlled for mood between conditions, with each group consisting of 26 participants. Positive and negative affect as measured by PANAS was taken pre- and post-music exposure. Verbal performance as measured by PPVT4 was taken after music listening. Behavioural responses as measured by finger tapping was obtained during music listening.

Results showed that listening to different types of music did not induce significant changes in one’s positive and negative affect or arousal. Although participants tapped more in happy music than in sad music, there were no significant differences in verbal performance among the 3 music conditions.

It was concluded that different types of music may selectively affect only certain cognitive tasks and can have differential effect on various behavioural and cognitive measures. Methodological issues and implications of the use of music in language learning are discussed.

Item ID: 15083
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
Keywords: arousal; mood; music; verbal performance
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ISBN: 978-0-909881-46-7
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2010 01:12
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1702 Cognitive Science > 170204 Linguistic Processes (incl Speech Production and Comprehension) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 100%
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