A comparison of marine protected areas and alternative approaches to coral-reef management

McClanahan, Timothy R., Marnane, Michael J., Cinner, Joshua E., and Kiene, William E. (2006) A comparison of marine protected areas and alternative approaches to coral-reef management. Current Biology, 16 (14). pp. 1408-1413.

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Abstract

Marine protected areas (MPAs) have been widely adopted as the leading tool for coral-reef conservation, but resource users seldom accept them [1, 2], and many have failed to produce tangible conservation benefits [3]. Few studies have objectively and simultaneously examined the types of MPAs that are most effective in conserving reef resources and the socioeconomic factors responsible for effective conservation [4–6]. We simultaneously explored measures of reef and socioeconomic conservation success at four national parks, four comanaged reserves, and three traditionally managed areas in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Underwater visual censuses of key ecological indicators [7, 8] revealed that the average size and biomass of fishes were higher in all areas under traditional management and at one comanaged reserve when compared to nearby unmanaged areas. Socioeconomic assessments [6, 9, 10] revealed that this ‘‘effective conservation’’ was positively related to compliance, visibility of the reserve, and length of time the management had been in place but negatively related to market integration, wealth, and village population size. We suggest that in cases where the resources for enforcement are lacking, management regimes that are designed to meet community goals can achieve greater compliance and subsequent conservation success than regimes designed primarily for biodiversity conservation.

Item ID: 1506
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: marine protected areas, MPAs, coral reefs, conservation, socioeconomic factors, national parks, reserves, traditional management, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, compliance
ISSN: 1879-0445
Date Deposited: 31 May 2007
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1604 Human Geography > 160403 Social and Cultural Geography @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9613 Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas > 961303 Protected Conservation Areas in Marine Environments @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 134
Downloads: Total: 2
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