Soybean variety adaptation and improvement in Vietnam and Australia (CIM/1995/130)

Lawn, Robert (2010) Soybean variety adaptation and improvement in Vietnam and Australia (CIM/1995/130). In: Pearce, David, and Templeton, Deborah, (eds.) Adoption of ACIAR Project Outputs: Studies of projects completed in 2005–2006. ACIAR Adoption Studies . Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, ACT, Australia, pp. 19-24.

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Abstract

[Extract] The project was developed in response to a request to ACIAR from the Vietnamese Government for collaborative research to help improve the productivity of soybean and expand production in Vietnam. Most of the soybeans produced in Vietnam are used for human food, and projected production was not enough to meet increasing demands for vegetable oil and for high protein meal for livestock. Average soybean yields in Vietnam in the early 1990s were very low, only about 0.7 tonne/hectare, and made the crop unprofitable and unattractive to farmers. The government was keen to make soybean a more attractive crop, to expand production and reduce the national reliance on imports. As a legume, increasing the use of soybeans in rotations also improves the nitrogen economy and sustainability of cropping systems.

The technical objectives of the project were to help the Vietnamese Government to increase soybean productivity by identifying more attractive varieties, and by developing and promoting good agronomic practices. Improving the knowledge and skills of researchers was also a specific objective. The strategy for achieving these objectives was to share improved, tropically adapted soybean germplasm, and agronomic and breeding experience in the tropics, which had been developed through two previous ACIAR projects in Thailand.

The project established formal links between key agencies responsible for soybean improvement research and development (R&D) in Vietnam: the Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Science (VAAS), the Institute of Agricultural Science of South Vietnam, and Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry (TNUAF) with, in Australia, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Division of Plant Industry (CPI) and James Cook University (JCU). Additional informal links were established when the project started with the Hanoi Agricultural University (HAU), the Research Institute of Oil and Oil Plants and Can Tho University.

Item ID: 14983
Item Type: Book Chapter (Non-Commercial)
ISBN: 978-1-921738-15-9
Funders: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research
Projects and Grants: 7300.70148.2007
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2010 02:36
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070305 Crop and Pasture Improvement (Selection and Breeding) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 82 PLANT PRODUCTION AND PLANT PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8204 Summer Grains and Oilseeds > 820405 Soybeans @ 100%
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