Patterns of coral-dinoflagellate associations in Acropora: significance of local availability and physiology of Symbiodinium strains and host-symbiont selectivity

van Oppen, Madeleine, Palstra, Friso P., Piquet, Anouk M.-T., and Miller, David J. (2001) Patterns of coral-dinoflagellate associations in Acropora: significance of local availability and physiology of Symbiodinium strains and host-symbiont selectivity. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: biological sciences, 268 (1478). pp. 1759-1767.

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Abstract

Like other reef-building corals, members of the genus Acropora form obligate endosymbioses with dinofagellates (zooxanthellae) belonging to the genus Symbiodinium. Both Symbiodinium and its hosts are diverse assemblages, and the relationships between host and algal genotypes are unclear. In this study, we determined phylogenetic relationships between Symbiodinium isolates from a wide range of Acropora species and plotted the algal genotypes onto a molecular phylogeny of 28 Acropora species, using the same samples for the host and symbiont genotyping. In addition, we performed a preliminary survey of zooxanthella distribution in Acropora species from the central Great Barrier Reef. Three of the four known major zooxanthellae clades were represented in the 168 samples examined, and within the major clade C, three distinct subclades were identi¢ed. No evidence was found for coevolution, but several clear patterns of speci¢city were identi¢ed. Moreover, composition of the zooxanthella pool varied among locales and in one host species we found light-related patterns of zooxanthella distribution.

Item ID: 1488
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Symbiodinium, Acropora, SSCP, rDNA ITS, endosymbiosis, coevolution
ISSN: 1471-2954
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2007
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES @ 0%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060808 Invertebrate Biology @ 0%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology @ 0%
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