Relative contribution of food and water to the Cd burden in Balanus amphitrite in an urban tidal creek discharging into the Great Barrier Reef lagoon

Da Silva, Eduardo Teixeira, Ridd, Michael, Klumpp, David, and Ridd, Peter (2004) Relative contribution of food and water to the Cd burden in Balanus amphitrite in an urban tidal creek discharging into the Great Barrier Reef lagoon. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science , 60 (2). pp. 313-324.

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Abstract

The barnacle biomonitor Balanus amphitrite, its food sources (two class sizes of suspended particulate material, SPM, and microzooplankton) and water (dissolved phase) were sampled weekly for Cd concentrations along a tidal creek discharging into the Great Barrier Reef lagoon (Ross Creek, Townsville, Queensland). The Cd concentration in the dissolved phase increased upstream, ranging from 1.7 to 283 ng L−1. The Cd concentration in the barnacle's food sources exhibited the same pattern—ranging, for the small size class of SPM (0.45–50 μm), from <0.01 to 1.15 mg kg−1, for large SPM (50–200 μm) from 0.07 to 1.62 mg kg−1, and for microzooplankton (50–200 μm) from 0.03 to 0.80 mg kg−1. More than 95% of the total Cd in the Ross Creek water (<200 μm) was in the dissolved phase (<0.45 μm). A simple diffusion coefficient model estimated an export during the dry season from Ross Creek into the GBR lagoon of around 6 g Cd d−1. The Cd concentration in two populations of B. amphitrite increased upstream between two sites 2.2 km apart and ranged from 2.15 to 4.69 mg kg−1 and from 5.47 to 12.81 mg kg−1. In addition, their Cd concentrations varied over the three sampling months, exhibiting specific patterns for this variation, which suggests that changing the food sources' Cd concentration and relative abundance may result in a specific Cd concentration in B. amphitrite. Therefore, for monitoring programs, the interpretation of variations in metal concentration in a biomonitor would be improved by looking at its metal sources and their temporal variability.

Item ID: 147
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: cadmium, biomonitor, bioaccumulation, Balanus amphitrite, suspended particulate material, Ross Creek
ISSN: 1096-0015
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2006
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0301 Analytical Chemistry > 030199 Analytical Chemistry not elsewhere classified @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050206 Environmental Monitoring @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9611 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water > 961102 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Coastal and Estuarine Environments @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960502 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Environments @ 50%
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