Size matters: systematic and ecological implications of allometry in the responses o chironomid midge morphological ratios to experimental temperature manipulations

McKie, Brendan G., and Cranston, Peter S. (2005) Size matters: systematic and ecological implications of allometry in the responses o chironomid midge morphological ratios to experimental temperature manipulations. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 83 (4). pp. 553-568.

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Abstract

Separated populations of wide-ranging ectothermic species may be subjected to differing ambient environmental regimes, with consequences for adult size and related allometric characteristics. We investigated effects of environmentally induced size variation in freshwater Australian Chironomidae (Diptera) on several morphometric ratios used to account for such variation in taxonomic classification. Echinocladius martini Cranston, 2000 (Orthocladiinae) and Australopelopia prionoptera Cranston, 2000 (Tanypodinae) larvae were sampled from tropical and temperate populations separated by approximately 1800 km, and reared to adult at temperatures representing the continent-wide range encountered by these species. Additionally, adults were sampled regularly from a field population to assess seasonal variation. Body size was related inversely to rearing temperature for both species. Nonlinear (allometric) relationships were observed consistently between body size and ratios pertaining to the antennae (AR, the ratio of the terminal to subapical flagellomeres) and legs (BV, the ratio of proximal segments to distal tarsomeres), demonstrating that these ratios inadequately factor out within-species, size-related divergence. Responses of other ratios varied erratically with sex, species, and population. We advocate cautious use of these ratios in taxonomy and phylogenetic reconstruction. We discuss possible adaptive significance of allometry in the male antennae related to the "tuning" of sound-sensitive structures to the expected terrestrial environment encountered at emergence.

Item ID: 13991
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: morphological
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ISSN: 1480-3283
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2010 05:30
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060808 Invertebrate Biology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 11
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