The drawbacks of sectioning rocks relative to fabric orientations in the matrix: a case study from the Robertson River Metamorphics (Northern Queensland, Australia)

Cihan, M. (2004) The drawbacks of sectioning rocks relative to fabric orientations in the matrix: a case study from the Robertson River Metamorphics (Northern Queensland, Australia). Journal of Structural Geology, 26 (12). pp. 2157-2174.

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Abstract

Understanding the relationships of inclusion trail geometries in porphyroblasts relative to matrix foliations is vital for unravelling complex deformation and metamorphic histories in highly tectonized terranes and the approach used to thin sectioning rocks is critically important for this. Two approaches have been used by structural and metamorphic geologists. One is based on fabric orientations with sections cut perpendicular to the foliation both parallel (P) and normal (N) to the lineation, whereas the other uses geographic orientations and a series of vertical thin sections. Studies using P and N sections reveal a simple history in comparison with studies using multiple-vertical thin sections. The reason for this is that inclusion trails exiting the porphyroblasts into the strain shadows in P and N sections commonly appear continuous with the matrix foliation whereas multiple vertical thin sections with different strikes reveal that they are actually truncated. Such truncations or textural unconformities are apparent from microstructures, textural relationships, compositional variations and FIA (foliation intersection axis) trends. A succession of four FIA trends from ENE–WSW, E–W, N–S to NE–SW in the Robertson River Metamorphics, northern Queensland, Australia, suggests that these truncations were formed because of the overprint of successive generations of orthogonal foliations preserved within porphyroblasts by growth during multiple deformation events. At least four periods of orogenesis involving multiple phases of porphyroblast growth can be delineated instead of just the one previously suggested from an N and P section approach.

Item ID: 13907
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: inclusion trails; porphyroblast growth; reactivation; Robertson River Metamorphics;truncation; porphyroblast growth; truncation
ISSN: 1873-1201
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2010 05:55
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040312 Structural Geology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 2
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