Testing the ecotoxicology of vegetable versus mineral based lubricating oils: 1. Degradation rates using tropical marine microbes

Mercurio, Philip, Burns, Kathryn A., and Negri, Andrew (2004) Testing the ecotoxicology of vegetable versus mineral based lubricating oils: 1. Degradation rates using tropical marine microbes. Environmental Pollution, 129 (2). pp. 165-173.

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Abstract

Vegetable-derived lubricants (VDL) might be more biodegradable than mineral-derived lubricants (MDL) due to the absence of high molecular weight aromatics, but this remains largely untested in tropical conditions. In this laboratory study, the degradation rates of 2-stroke, 4-stroke and hydraulic VDLs were compared with their MDL counterparts in the presence of mangrove and coral reef microbial communities. While MDLs were comprised largely of unresolved saturated and some aromatic hydrocarbons, their VDL counterparts contained, potentially more degradable, fatty acid methyl esters. Degradation of some VDL was observed by day 7, with the 2-stroke VDL markedly consumed by mangrove microorganisms and the hydraulic VDL degraded by both microorganism communities after this short period. All of the VDL groups were significantly more degraded than the comparable MDLs mineral oil lubricants over 14 days in the presence of either mangrove or coral reef microbial communities. In general the mangrove-sourced microorganisms more efficiently degraded the lubricants than reef-sourced microorganisms.

Item ID: 13878
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: coral reef; degradation; lubricating oils; mangroves
ISSN: 1873-6424
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2010 03:59
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0301 Analytical Chemistry > 030104 Immunological and Bioassay Methods @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9699 Other Environment > 969902 Marine Oceanic Processes (excl. Climate Related) @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 14
Downloads: Total: 1
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