The response of Panicum maximum to a simulated subcanopy environment: 2. soil x shade x water interaction

Durr, P.A., and Rangel, J. (2003) The response of Panicum maximum to a simulated subcanopy environment: 2. soil x shade x water interaction. Tropical Grasslands (Journal), 37 (1). pp. 1-10.

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Abstract

Continuing on from previous work examining the mechanisms by which increases in the biomass of Panicum maximum might occur when growing under the canopy of mature Samanea saman trees (Durr and Rangel 2000), a further pot trial was undertaken. This applied a similar methodology of using soil collected from under and away from the canopy of trees and imposing variable light levels by shade cloths. A third variable was introduced, that of water stress, through varying the period of re-watering: every day, every 5 days and every 10 days. The major effect of water stress was to reduce the biomass. However, the degree of reduction was dependent upon the soil and the shade level, as there was relative compensation in grasses grown in the subcanopy-collected soil at intermediate shade levels due to an increase in the water use efficiency. This finding suggests that one of the major benefits of nutrient enrichment by trees in these environments acts via improved water utilisation and suggests a generalised explanation of why relative increases of grass biomass under the canopy of trees might occur in subhumid environments.

Item ID: 13829
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: over-yielding; Panicum maximum
ISSN: 0049-4763
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2010 05:20
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0607 Plant Biology > 060799 Plant Biology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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