Nickel and Cobalt Phytoextraction by the Hyperaccumulator Berkheya coddii: Implications for Polymetallic and Phytoremediation
Keeling, S.M., Stewart, R.B., Anderson, C.W.N., and Robinson, B.H. (2003) Nickel and Cobalt Phytoextraction by the Hyperaccumulator Berkheya coddii: Implications for Polymetallic and Phytoremediation. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 5 (3). pp. 235-244.
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We investigated the potential of the South African high-biomass Ni hyperaccumulator Berkheya coddii to phytoextract Co and/or Ni from artificial metalliferous media. Plant accumulation of both metals from single-element substrates indicate that the plant/media metal concentration quotient (bioaccumulation coefficient) increases as total metal concentrations increase. Cobalt was readily taken up by B. coddii with and without the presence of Ni. Nickel uptake was, however, inhibited by the presence of an equal concentration of Co. Bioaccumulation coefficients of Ni and Co for the single element substrates (total metal concentration of 1000 μg g-1) were 100 and 50, respectively. Cobalt phytotoxicity was observed above a total Co concentration in plant growth media of 20 μg g-1. Elevated Co concentrations significantly decreased the biomass production of B. coddii without affecting the bioaccumulation coefficients. The mixed Ni-Co substrate produced bioaccumulation coefficients of 22 for both Ni and Co. Cobalt phytotoxicity in mixed Ni-Co substrate occurred above a total Co concentration of 15 μg g-1. When grown in the presence of both Ni and Co, the bioaccumulation coefficients of each metal were reduced, as compared to single-element substrate. This may indicate competition for binding sites in the root zone. The interference relationship between Ni and Co uptake demonstrated by B. coddii suggests a significant limitation to phytoextraction where both metals are present.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||Berkheya coddii, cobalt, nickel, hyperaccumulation, phytomining, phytotoxicity|
|Date Deposited:||03 Nov 2010 06:01|
|FoR Codes:||04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040399 Geology not elsewhere classified @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%|