Metal-ion recognition: interaction of a series of successively N-benzylated derivatives of 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane (cyclam) with selected transition and post-transition elements

Dong, Ying, Farquhar, Sandra, Gloe, Karsten, Lindoy, Leonard F., Rumbel, Brendan R., Turner, Peter, and Wichmann, Kathrin (2003) Metal-ion recognition: interaction of a series of successively N-benzylated derivatives of 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane (cyclam) with selected transition and post-transition elements. Dalton Transactions, 2003. pp. 1558-1566.

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Abstract

The interaction of a series of N-benzylated cyclam ligand derivatives incorporating from one to four N-benzyl groups with cobalt(II), zinc(II), cadmium(II), lead(II) and silver(I) nitrates is reported; the results are compared with those obtained in a prior study involving the formation of the corresponding complexes of nickel(II) and copper(II) with this ligand series. The isolation of a selection of 1 ∶ 1 (metal ∶ ligand) complexes has been carried out and X-ray diffraction structures of five such products have been determined. In each complex the metal ion is coordinated to the N4-donor set of the cyclam ring with the latter adopting either a trans-I or a trans-V configuration; monodentate or bidentate nitrato ligands complete the respective coordination spheres. Coordination numbers range from five in a zinc(II) complex, through six in two cadmium(II) complexes, to eight in two lead(II) complexes. Competitive bulk membrane transport experiments (water/chloroform/water) have been carried out in which each of the five benzylated ligands were in turn employed as the ionophore in the chloroform phase. The respective aqueous source phases (buffered at pH 4.9) contained an equimolar mixture of cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II), cadmium(II), silver(I) and lead(II) nitrates. The aqueous receiving phase was buffered at pH 3.0. Under these conditions, high selectivity for copper(II) was observed for each of the ionophores incorporating one or two N-benzyl groups whereas no transport for any of the seven metals present in the source phase was observed for the tribenzylated derivative. In marked contrast to the above behaviour, the tetra-N-benzyl derivative yielded sole transport selectivity for silver(I) under similar conditions. 1H NMR and 13C NMR titration experiments in CD3CN–CDCl3 confirmed the 1 ∶ 1 stoichiometry of the silver(I) tetra-N-benzylcyclam complex in this solvent mixture.

Item ID: 13739
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: macrocyle; metal ion recognition; transition metals
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ISSN: 1477-9234
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2010 06:24
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030207 Transition Metal Chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 19
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