Malaria trends in South Africa and Swaziland and the introduction of synthetic pyrethroids to replace DDT for malaria vector control

Govere, J.M., Durrheim, D.N., and Kunene, S. (2002) Malaria trends in South Africa and Swaziland and the introduction of synthetic pyrethroids to replace DDT for malaria vector control. South African Journal of Science, 98 (1-2). pp. 19-21.

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Abstract

For the past five years, South Africa has seen a marked increase in notified malaria cases without a similar trend in Swaziland, which nestles between the two malarious South African provinces of KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga. Swaziland and these provinces share a border with Mozambique, where malaria is holoendemic. The change from DDT to synthetic pyrethroids for intradomicillary residual spraying in South Africa may have been a contributory factor to this increase. The absence of a similar trend in Swaziland, where DDT continues to be used, adds weight to the ecological association between change in the use of insecticide and increase in malaria cases.

Item ID: 13677
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: DDT; malaria; South Africa; synthetic pyrethroids; vector control
ISSN: 1996-7489
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2010 02:14
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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