The mitochondrial genome of Acropora tenuis (Cnidaria: Scleractinia) contains a large group I intron and a candidate control region

van Oppen, Madeleine J. H., Catmull, Julian, McDonald, Brenda J, Hislop, Nikki R., Hageman, Paul J., and Miller, David J. (2002) The mitochondrial genome of Acropora tenuis (Cnidaria: Scleractinia) contains a large group I intron and a candidate control region. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 55 (1). pp. 1-13.

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Abstract

The complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the coral Acropora tenuis has been determined. The 18,338 bp A. tenuis mitochondrial genome contains the standard metazoan complement of 13 protein-coding and two rRNA genes, but only the same two tRNA genes (trnM and trnW) as are present in the mtDNA of the sea anemone, Metridium senile. The A. tenuis nad5 gene is interrupted by a large group I intron which contains ten protein-coding genes and rns; M. senile has an intron at the same position but this contains only two protein-coding genes. Despite the large distance (about 11.5 kb) between the 5?-exon and 3?-exon boundaries, the A. tenuis nad5 gene is functional, as we were able to RT-PCR across the predicted intron splice site using total RNA from A. tenuis. As in M. senile, all of the genes in the A. tenuis mt genome have the same orientation, but their organization is completely different in these two zoantharians: The only common gene boundaries are those at each end of the group I intron and between trnM and rnl. Finally, we provide evidence that the rns-cox3 intergenic region in A. tenuis may correspond to the mitochondrial control region of higher animals. This region contains repetitive elements, and has the potential to form secondary structures of the type characteristic of vertebrate D-loops. Comparisons between a wide range of Acropora species showed that a long hairpin predicted in rns-cox3 is phylogenetically conserved, and allowed the tentative identification of conserved sequence blocks.

Item ID: 13586
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Acropora millepora; Cnidaria; mtDNA
ISSN: 1432-1432
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2010 06:43
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060407 Genome Structure and Regulation @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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