Extraction of aconitic acid from mixtures of organic acids and cane molasses solutions using supported liquid membranes

Mcmurray, Scott Herbert, and Griffin, Gregory John (2002) Extraction of aconitic acid from mixtures of organic acids and cane molasses solutions using supported liquid membranes. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 77 (11). pp. 1262-1268.

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Abstract

This paper details experimental trials of aconitic acid transport from defined mixtures of organic acids (trans-aconitic, oxalic, malic and citric) and from cane molasses solutions using a supported liquid membrane (SLM) apparatus. The SLM was impregnated with tributyl phosphate extractant combined with Shellsol 2046 diluent. The transport rates of the organic acids, bulk impurities and glucose were measured. The conditions varied were: extractant to diluent ratio (1:3–3:1), organic acid concentration (2.5–40 mg cm−3 organic acid), pH of departure phase (1–5.5) and temperature (22–80 °C). Results for the organic acid mixtures showed that aconitic acid and oxalic acid were transported at much greater rates than malic and citric acids. Aconitic acid was transported to a significant degree with recovery of 400 g kg−1 over a 24 h period. Operation at temperatures higher than 22 °C caused instability of the membrane and bulk leakage across the membrane. With molasses, the purity of the aconitic acid recovered ranged between 400 and 600 g kg−1 (dry basis) with aconitic acid transport rates of 0.17–0.25 g m−2 min−1. The extraction of other acids (oxalic, malic and citric) and impurities was significantly less, hence a process to produce high purity aconitic acid based on this method is technically feasible.

Item ID: 13562
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: aconitic acid; organic acid; supported liquid membranes
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ISSN: 1097-4660
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2010 23:56
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090404 Membrane and Separation Technologies @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8606 Industrial Chemicals and Related Products > 860604 Organic Industrial Chemicals (excl. Resins, Rubber and Plastics) @ 100%
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