Seasonal and sex-specific variations in levels of photo-protecting mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) in soft corals

Michalek-Wagner, K. (2001) Seasonal and sex-specific variations in levels of photo-protecting mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) in soft corals. Marine Biology, 139 (4). pp. 651-660.

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Abstract

This study focusses on the nature and extent of variation in mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) in relation to annual cycles in solar radiation, seawater temperature, and reproduction in reef-flat populations of two soft coral species. The results show MAA tissue concentrations in shallow water colonies of Lobophytum compactum and Sinularia flexibilis to be significantly correlated to annual cycles in solar radiation (P<0.0006 and P<0.0005, respectively) and seawater temperature (P<0.0006 and P<0.0004, respectively). Evidence of seasonal cycles in MAA levels in the tissues of shallow-reef invertebrates positively correlating with annual cycles in solar radiation and temperature suggests that they are an integral component of the soft corals' biochemical defence system against high irradiance and/or temperature stress and thus bleaching. This is further corroborated by the higher production of MAAs in females than males prior to spawning (up to 67% and 56% for L. compactum and S. flexibilis, respectively), presumably to provide a high level of protection against irradiance stress for progeny.

Item ID: 13312
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-1793
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2012 07:26
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960802 Coastal and Estuarine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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