Charged patch attraction in dispersion: effect of polystyrene sulphonate molecular weight or patch size

Leong, Y. (2001) Charged patch attraction in dispersion: effect of polystyrene sulphonate molecular weight or patch size. Colloid and Polymer Science, 279 (1). pp. 82-87.

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Abstract

The molecular weight (Mw) effect of polystyrene sulphonate (PSS) on the yield stress of ZrO2 dispersion was evaluated. Three "monodispersed" samples with Mw of 1430, 9960 and 130,000, and two broad distribution samples of Mw 70,000 and 1.0 million were investigated. Adsorbed PSS gave rise to charged patch attraction that enhanced the maximum yield stress, τ y max, of dispersions at charge neutral condition [3]. As a PSS patch consists of only one molecule, the patch size should increase with increasing Mw. For PSS of Mw 1430 with just only seven repeating units the patch formed would be rectangular (linear) and small with a high charge density. For Mw of 9960 and higher, the patch would be irregular in shape with a smaller charge density. At a moderate surface coverage of ˜20%, the τ y max increases quite sharply from Mw 9960 to 130,000 and very gradually from 130,000 to 1.0 million. From Mw 9960 to 130,000, the strength of the patch attraction increases quite strongly with increasing patch size. From Mw 130,000 to 1million, the small increase in τ y max reflected a limiting patch size effect. At the limiting size, the attraction is at maximum strength. At the same coverage, PSS of Mw 1430 also displayed a strong charge patch attraction. This was attributed to a higher number of charged patch interactions at the closest point of separation and also to the high charge density of the PSS patch. The low surface coverage of 6% revealed no significant molecular weight effect on τ y max. The network structure consisted of a mixture of charge patch and bare surface interactions.

Item ID: 13148
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: charged patch attraction; dispersions; molecular weight; polystyrene sulphonate; yield stress; zeta potential
ISSN: 1435-1536
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2012 03:39
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0306 Physical Chemistry (incl Structural) > 030603 Colloid and Surface Chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8610 Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Mineral Products > 861099 Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Mineral Products not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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