Lithology of the upper gas hydrate zone, Blake Outer Ridge: a link between diatoms, porosity, and gas hydrate
Kraemer, Lisa M., Owen, Robert M., and Dickens, Gerald R. (2000) Lithology of the upper gas hydrate zone, Blake Outer Ridge: a link between diatoms, porosity, and gas hydrate. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 164. pp. 229-236.
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Gas hydrate on the crest of the Blake Ridge is concentrated over two depth zones: between 185 and 260 mbsf, and between 380 and 450 mbsf. Although the abundance of hydrate in the lower zone may be explained by methane cycling across the phase boundary between free gas bubbles and gas hydrate, the upper zone lacks a satisfactory explanation. Chemical analyses of sediment samples from Hole 994C (31º47.139'N, 75º32.753'W) were performed to determine if the relatively high hydrate accumulation between 185 and 260 mbsf coincides with an observable change in sediment composition and microporosity. Our analyses indicate a distinct change in lithology across the upper hydrate zone: the carbonate content decreases from about 25% to about 8% with a corresponding increase in siliceous microfossils and bulk porosity. An increase in the abundance of siliceous microfossils increases the size and roundness of pore spaces. Large and round pores should provide nucleation sites for gas hydrate that are uninhibited by capillary forces between grains. Upward advecting fluids that are supersaturated with methane may deposit gas hydrate as they pass through the diatom-rich depth interval. Results presented here are consistent with the hypothesis that gas hydrate distribution is influenced by sediment lithology and microporosity.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Date Deposited:||30 Aug 2012 21:31|
|FoR Codes:||04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0402 Geochemistry > 040204 Organic Geochemistry @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%|
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