Host imprinting in anemonefishes (Pisces: Pomacentridae): does it dictate spawning site preferences?
Arvedlund, Michael, Bundgaard, Ingvar, and Nielsen, Lis E. (2000) Host imprinting in anemonefishes (Pisces: Pomacentridae): does it dictate spawning site preferences? Environmental Biology of Fishes, 58 (2). pp. 203-213.
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The olfactory cues, to which some species of anemonefish embryos imprint, are secreted in the mucus on the tentacles and the oral disc of the host anemone. Close contact of the eggs of anemonefishes with the host's tentacles seems therefore important to imprinting. A corollary of this observation is that if local environmental conditions sweep tentacles in one specific direction, then the eggs will be placed leeward of the tentacles, rather than to foremost way from the tentacles. Other known factors such as egg predation can also cause a spawning site preference. No study has examined the possibility of the existence of such a preference. In this study, we addressed two questions: (1) Does spawning site preference exist in anemonefishes? (2) If yes, is it possible to relate this to the imprinting hypothesis, i.e. does local ocean currents over the host anemone have any influence on this preference? Two different coral reef areas were surveyed for anemonefish groups with eggs present: Eilat and Na'ama in the Aquaba-bight, the Red Sea (RS), and areas at Lizard Island, the northern Great Barrier Reef (GBR). We found the anemonefishes Amphiprion akindynos (GBR), A. bicinctus (RS), A. melanopus (GBR), and A. perideraion (GBR), to have a distinctive spawning site preference. We discuss the relevance of these findings to anemonefish host imprinting.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||chemotaxis; eggs; sea anemones; spawning site; symbiosis|
|Date Deposited:||25 Jul 2012 06:51|
|FoR Codes:||06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960802 Coastal and Estuarine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%|