Tectonic control on third-order sequences in a siliclastic ramp-style basin: an example from the Roper Superbasin (Mesoproterozoic), northern Australia

Abbott, S.T., and Sweet, I.P. (2000) Tectonic control on third-order sequences in a siliclastic ramp-style basin: an example from the Roper Superbasin (Mesoproterozoic), northern Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 47 (3). pp. 637-657.

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Abstract

The Roper Group is a cyclic, predominantly marine, siliciclastic succession of Calymmian (Early Mesoproterozoic) age. It has a distribution of at least 145 000 km2 and a maximum known thickness of ∼5000 m. In the Roper River district the middle part of the Roper Group (∼1300 m thick) is characterised by the cyclical alternation of mudstone and sandstone units, and can be divided into six third-order depositional sequences. A typical sequence is broadly progradational in aspect, and comprises a lower, mudstone-rich, storm-dominated shelf succession (up to 330 m thick), and a sequence-capping unit dominated by tidal-platform cross-bedded sandstone (up to 80 m thick); both are interpreted as highstand systems tracts. Transgressive strata are poorly represented but where present are characterised by paralic to fluvial redbed assemblages that include ooidal ironstone. Roper Group sequences lack a distinct condensed section and sequence boundaries are mostly conformable. Erosional contacts separate mud-rich shelf facies from sequence-capping sandstones. We infer that these erosion surfaces were generated by episodic flexural tectonism, which also generated the accommodation and sediment supply for Roper sequences.

Item ID: 12778
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Isan Orogeny; Mesoproterozoic Roper Group; Roper Superbasin; tectonics
ISSN: 1440-0952
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2012 04:29
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040311 Stratigraphy (incl Biostratigraphy and Sequence Stratigraphy) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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