Low bundle sheath carbonic anhydrase is apparently essential for effective C4 pathway operation

Burnell, J.N., and Hatch, M.D. (1988) Low bundle sheath carbonic anhydrase is apparently essential for effective C4 pathway operation. Plant Physiology, 86. pp. 1252-1256.

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Abstract

Bundle sheath cells from leaves of a variety of C4 species contained little or no carbonic anhydrase activity. The proportion of total leaf carbonic anhydrase in extracts of bundle sheath cells closely reflected the apparent mesophyll cell contamination of bundle sheath cel extracts as measured by the proportion of the mesophyl ceDl marker enzymes phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and pyruvate,Pi dikinase. Values of about 1% or less of the total leaf activity were obtained for all three enzymes. The recorded bundle sheath carbonic anhydrase activity was compared with a calculated upper limit of carbonic anhydrase activity that would still permit efficient functioning of the C4 pathway; that is, a carbonic anhydrase level allowing a sufficiently high steady state [CO21 to suppress photorespiration. Even before correcting for mesophyll cell contamination the activity in bundle sheath cell extracts was substantially less than the calculated upper limit of carbonic anhydrase activity consistent with effective C4 function. The results accord with the notion that a deficiency of carbonic anhydrase in bundle sheath cells is vital for the efficient operation of the C4 pathway.

Item ID: 11979
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
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ISSN: 1532-2548
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2010 01:55
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