Reconciling the structural and metamorphic record of orogeny in central western New Hampshire through microstructure and garnet isopleth thermobarometry

Evans, Thomas Philip (2004) Reconciling the structural and metamorphic record of orogeny in central western New Hampshire through microstructure and garnet isopleth thermobarometry. PhD thesis, James Cook University.

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Abstract

This thesis consists of four sections, each a stand-alone body of work intended for publication in international journals. The sections are ordered such that they progress in a logical fashion; the first two sections form an introduction to the new analytical techniques developed and utilised within this thesis, the remaining two sections present data and geological interpretations derived from the application of these techniques. Volume 1 contains the text and reference list, whilst Volume 2 contains the figures and appendices. Section A describes the technique of garnet isopleth thermobarometry, and outlines methods for analysing the relative contributions of the sources of error inherent to this technique. Additionally, some insights into the significance of common compositional variations within garnet are provided and discussed. Section B describes a method for calculating the changes in composition of the chemical system from which garnet is growing that are caused by crystal fractionation of garnet. This section has been published in The Journal of Metamorphic Geology (Evans, 2004), and is presented here unchanged. Section C utilises the methods described in the first two sections to determine a metamorphic history for the Garnet Hill and Salmon Hole Brook synclines of central western New Hampshire, USA. The thermal regime of the region during metamorphism was found to be characterised by localised, transient thermal heterogeneities. Two distinct episodes of metasomatism were also defined. Section D utilises the methods described in the first two sections to test a previously defined relative timing scheme for porphyroblast growth that was based on Foliation Intersection Axes preserved within porphyroblast (FIA). Additionally, a tectonic model for central western New Hampshire is presented that explains several key geological features of the region that contradict many of the existing tectonic models.

Item ID: 1188
Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Garnet isopleth thermobarometry, Inherent sources of error, Significance of common compositional variations, Method for calculating changes in composition caused by crystal fractionation, Metamorphic history, Localised transient thermal heterogeneities, Metasomatism, Foliation Intersection Axes, FIA, Tectonic model, Garnet Hill syncline, Salmon Hole Brook syncline, New Hampshire, USA
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2006
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040306 Mineralogy and Crystallography @ 0%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040307 Ore Deposit Petrology @ 0%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040304 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology @ 0%
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